A suitable source of transplant therapy is cord blood that comes from the umbilical cord. Other are bone marrow transplantation and peripheral blood transplants. Cord blood transplant has played a very vital role in the eradication of diseases from the human body such as leukemia. The blood left when the umbilical cord is removed from the newborn infant includes essential blood components and is a necessity when it comes to the treatment of human blood fatal diseases. The blood is found to be rich in stem cells. Physicians using umbilical cord transplants found numerous successes. I strongly suggest you to visit regenerative cell therapy to learn more about this.
Bone marrow transplants may use stem cells of the recipient’s own or donor cells. This kind of transplantation leads to the restoration of the human body’s capacity to form blood and make disease resistant cells.
Transplant Bone Marrow:
The operation that transplants the bone from the donor to the recipient in order to form new stem cells is known as bone marrow transplant. This refers to the spongy tissue that is found inside the bones. It is located in the breastbone, skull, hips, ribs and spine, and contains stem cells which produce the vital red blood cells also known as RBC’s. For transplantation, the donor hipbone must be removed under an anesthetic.
Cord Blood Vs. Bone Marrow Transplants:
Bone marrow transplant is more prevalent than a transplant of this type. Both of these stem cell transplantation methods have their own pros and cons. The pros for cord blood donation over bone marrow transplant are as follows:
Graft versus host disease stands for the diseases caused in the recipient ‘s body by the new blood cells and can be dangerous in up to 40 percent of patients. There is less risk of blood cell attack on the recipient ‘s body resulting in a low Graft versus host disease (GVHD).
Someone requires a very close and accurate match to reduce the risk of GVHD for a successful transplant. Being younger, the cells in cord blood adapt more quickly and therefore a perfect match is not required. Therefore, blood transplantation can cover a wider range of recipients.
Cord blood contains 10 times the amount of stem cells found in an equal amount of a bone.
Stem-cell treatment for the cord blood has regenerative properties. That is because the stem cells found in the umbilical blood are much younger.
Cord blood is readily available. The banking facility helps to make donation of blood readily available to transplantation.